Aut cum scuto aut in scuto
Possibly D-Day or slightly after as the fighter-bombers seems to have the D-Day black/white stripes
From what I've read, the D-Day stripes weren't totally removed in some units until December of '44. But I'd guess the same as you.
Someone's having a bad day.
What would I give to fly a Mossie so I could play in the air, wrack her over like in the picture. I wouldn't even mind if they shoot back. Their best defense was blistering speed. Air Dale
would rather a Hornet. like a Tigercat with Merlins.